Now the LORD had said unto Abram, Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and from thy father’s house, unto a land that I will shew thee: And I will make of thee a great nation, and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing: And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
After the tower of Babel, the storyline now focuses on Abram. Abram is told by God that he will be made into a great nation and that all of the earth will be blessed through him. It is through Abram that the Messiah will come. The focus from here on through the Old Testament will be Abram’s descendants. From Abram the focus will continually narrow until we reach the New Testament where we find that Jesus is the Messiah.
And the LORD said unto Abram, after that Lot was separated from him, Lift up now thine eyes, and look from the place where thou art northward, and southward, and eastward, and westward: For all the land which thou seest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed for ever. And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.
God here promises to give a place of rest to Abram and his descendants. He also promises that his descendants will be of an untold number. It is through Abram’s Seed, the Messiah, that an untold number of people will enter into a place of promise and rest.
And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he was the priest of the most high God. And he blessed him, and said, Blessed be Abram of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth: And blessed be the most high God, which hath delivered thine enemies into thy hand. And he gave him tithes of all.
After Abram’s victory in battle, he meets Melchizedek and pays him tithes of all the spoil of war. This shows that there is a priest that is greater than Abram. Abram may be a great man, but he is not the Seed of the woman that we are looking for. The Messiah will be a priest after the same order as Melchizedek.
After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward. And Abram said, Lord GOD, what wilt thou give me, seeing I go childless, and the steward of my house is this Eliezer of Damascus? And Abram said, Behold, to me thou hast given no seed: and, lo, one born in my house is mine heir. And, behold, the word of the LORD came unto him, saying, This shall not be thine heir; but he that shall come forth out of thine own bowels shall be thine heir. And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be. And he believed in the LORD; and he counted it to him for righteousness.
God continues to promise that he will make Abram a great people; however, Abram has no children. God promises Abram that he will have an untold number of children, and Abram believes the Lord. His faith is what makes him accepted before God. This shows us that what God requires of us is faith in His promised Deliverer. He also speaks of Seed in the singular; it is not simply Abram’s physical descendants that will be blessed. It is the untold number who by faith are made a part of Abram’s Seed, singular, the Messiah.
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.
God now enters into a covenant with Abram to make of him a great nation and bless the whole earth through his Descendant, the Messiah.